Family benefits vary moving from one country to another. Moving may affect the amount of benefits you are entitled to.
If all the members of your family live where you are insured, this country is responsible for your benefits. If the members of your family do not live in the country where you are insured, your family could be entitled to benefits in more than one country. You will not receive benefits twice: “priority rules” decide which country is responsible for providing them.
- Generally, the country where your family’s right is based on a situation of employment or self-employment is responsible for providing the benefits.
- If your right is based on employment or self-employment in both countries, the country where your children live is responsible if one of the parents works there. Otherwise it will be the country where the highest benefits are paid.
- If your right is based on a pension in both countries, the country where your children live is responsible if this country pays one of the pensions. Otherwise it will be the country where you have been insured or have resided the longest.
- If your right is based on residence in both countries, the country where your children live is responsible.
The benefits you receive from the competent country may turn out to be lower than what you would have received from the other county where you had rights. If this is the case, the second country will pay a supplement corresponding to the difference between the two benefits. Comparisons between amounts of family benefits are in some countries, like Estonia, made for each child separately; in some other countries all family benefits received by one family are compared together.
If you start receiving family benefits from a new country, make sure to notify the social insurance institution of the previous country, preferably with an official letter, where the amount of your new benefits has been stated (in Estonia this is the Social Insurance Board). Otherwise you may face claims to return the overpaid amount.
Contact the responsible institutions to be clear about your rights.