The blue-black-white tricolour has been adopted by the Estonian people, and has become the most important and loved national symbol. The tricolour has been one of the most important symbols for the independence, consciousness and solidarity of the Estonian people. The same colour combination is used by no other national tricolour.
The coat of arms
The Estonian coat-of-arms has ancient roots and resembles both that of Denmark and of England. The three blue leopard-like creatures on a gold background were first used in 1219 as part of the coat-of-arms of the city of Tallinn and, later in history, of the Estonian province. In 1925, what is called the three lion coat-of-arms finally became the national coat-of-arms.
The Estonian national anthem “My native land, my joy – delight” has a joint history with that of our northern neighbour, Finland. The tune for the two national anthems is identical and was written by Frederick Pacius, himself of German origin. The words originate with a leading figure in the Estonian national movement of around the turn of the 19th century, J.W. Jannsen.